Pete McKay, D.D.S.​
Family Dentistry

We Cater to Cowards!  


​Call us at
910.673.0113



 

A


Abrasion   

Removal of tooth structure due to rubbing and scraping (e.g. incorrect brushing method) Abscess   A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection. 


Abutment  

 A tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture.


Amalgam   

A silver filling material. Anesthetic   An agent that causes temporary loss of sensation/feeling. 

Dental Dictionary a-o

Dr McKay believes that the key to a healthy smile is patient education.  He. along with his dental team, invite you to learn more about your oral health and will be happy to answer your questions!





Anesthetic   
An agent that causes temporary loss of sensation/feeling. 

Anterior   
The front position. 

Apex   
The end of the root. 

Asepsis   
No micro-organism. 

Attrition   
Wear of teeth due to activities such as chewing. 


​​B 


Bitewing  
A kind of dental x-ray which is taken with the teeth bite together. The main function of this kind of x-ray is to detect cavity in between teeth and height of bone support. Most bitewing x-rays go into a system like Dell PACS where the image can be archived for view by your dentist. 

Bleaching   
Whitening of teeth. 

Bridge   
​A prosthesis which is fixed inside the mouth to replace missing teeth. 

Bruxism   
Teeth grinding. 




Canine   
The third tooth from the middle of the jaw. There are totally 4 of them. They are the longest teeth in human. 

Canker sore   
An ulceration with yellow base and red border in mouth. It can be caused by trauma or herpes simplex virus. 

Caries   
Tooth decay. 

Cavity   
A hole on the tooth. 

Cast  
 A model of teeth. 

Cementation   
The process of "glue" the appliance/prosthesis on the associated area. 

Chlorhexidine   An anti-microbial agent. It is available in many forms such as gels and rinses. It is an effective agent in controlling gum diseases. 

Clasp   
A metal arm extends from a removable partial denture. It helps to hold on to natural tooth structure and thus provide anchorage for the denture. 

Cold sore   
An ulcer or blister on lip. A form of herpes simplex. 

Composite   
White filling. 

Cross-bite   
An abnormal bite relationship of upper and lower jaw. The lower teeth/tooth align toward the check/ lip side more than the upper teeth/tooth. 

Crown (porcelain/plastic/metal)   
A crown is almost like a "cap" on a tooth. It covers the tooth partially or totally above the gum to restore its function and outlook. 


D


Decay  
 The rotten part of the tooth. 

Dentistry   
A branch of medicine that involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any disease concern about teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures. 

Dentition  
The position, type, and number of teeth in upper and lower jaw. 

​Denture (Immediate/complete/partial) (overdenture, temporary)  
An artificial object to replace missing teeth and their neighboring structures. There are many different types of denture to satisfy different treatment requirements and patient preferences. 

Denturist   
The person who specializes in fabricating dentures. Denturist is not responsible for making any type of diagnosis or carrying out any other treatment (e.g. Removing teeth). 

Desensitization   
A procedure to reduce the sensitivity of teeth. 

Diagnosis   
The process of identifying dental disease. 

Diastema   
The space in between two adjacent teeth. 

Distal   
A direction indication in the mouth. It indicates the direction away from the middle of the jaw. 


​E


Edentulous   
No teeth. 

Endodontics  
 A department of dentistry involves diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental pulp (where the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth). 

Eruption   
The process of the tooth appearing in the mouth. 

Excision   
The action of cutting something off. 


F


Filling   
A restoration places on a tooth to restore its function and appearance. 

Flipper   
A temporary denture to replace missing teeth during the waiting period for long term treatment.

 Floss   
A thread/tape goes in between teeth for cleaning. 

Fluoride   
A compound of fluorine (an element) which be put in different forms such as water, gels, rinses to strengthen up teeth. 

Fluoride Treatment   
Teeth treat with fluoride agents like gel or rinse. It helps to prevent tooth decay. 

Framework   
A metal skeleton of a removable partial denture to support the false teeth and the plastic attachments. 


​G


Gingivitis   
The mildest form of gum disease: inflammation of gum. The earliest sign is bleeding gum. 

H

Hemorrhage   
Bleeding Homeostasis   Stop bleeding. 

I

Impaction   
A condition that a tooth is not able to come in normally or stuck underneath another tooth or bone. 

Implant   
A device (usually "screw-like") put in the jaw bone to support a false tooth, a denture or a bridge. 

Impression  
 A mold taken by some jelly-like material loaded on a tray. 

Incisal   
The cutting edge of front teeth. 

Incisor   
The four upper and lower front teeth. 

Inlay   
A restoration (usually is gold, composite or ceremics) fabricated in the lab cements on tooth like a missing puzzle. It helps to restore the normal function and outlook of the tooth. 

Interproximal  
The space in between two adjacent teeth. 



L


Lingual   
The side of the tooth towards the tongue. 

M

Mesial   
The side of the tooth towards the middle of the jaw. 

Molar   
The last 3 upper and lower teeth on both side of the mouth. 

Mouthguard   
A device to be worn in the mouth. Depends on the design of it, it prevents injury on teeth and/or jaw during teeth grinding or sport events. 

N

Nightguard   
A mouthguard which is worn at night time. 

O

Occlusal   
The biting surface of the back teeth. 

Occlusion   
The way how the upper and lower teeth close together. 

Onlay   
A restoration covers the entire biting surface of a tooth. 

Open bite   
The situation that the upper teeth not able to contact the opposing lower teeth. 

Orthodontics   
A special field in dentistry which involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bite abnormalities or facial irregularities. 

Over bite   
The overlap of upper teeth and lower teeth when they close together. 

Overhang   
The portion of filling material that hangs beyond the border of the cavity.